“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” Quoting Benjamin Franklin, it is truly better to prevent diseases than to cure them.
That is why cleaning a pool is essential to maintain pool water hygiene, water clarity, and water quality which will prevent the spread of possible diseases.
Vacuuming your pool is one of the most important procedures in cleaning. So in this article, we will talk about the importance and the steps of properly vacuuming your pool. Let’s get started.
Why Vacuum a Pool?
Like what we’ve talked about previously, vacuuming a pool is essential in disease prevention.
You might still feel skeptical about this, so to emphasize this point, even the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends pool cleaning to remove biofilms from surfaces, sediments on the bottom of the pool, and particulates stuck to the filter materials. Doing so will prevent the possible transmission of infectious diseases. 
Although it won’t remove all the algae, the vacuuming process can help slow down its accumulation-effectively lessening the needed maintenance work done to remove algae from your pool.
Aside from disease prevention and algae mitigation, you are also maximizing the use of your pool filter system as you scrub and remove the dirt and debris from your swimming pool.
Lastly, when you use a pool vacuum manually, it is a good exercise so not only are you scrubbing away dirt and debris with pool vacuums but also ridding yourself of unburned calories. So, it’s a win-win situation.
Given all these reasons, it is important to vacuum your pool. Now let’s talk about when to vacuum your pool.
When to Vacuum Your Pool?
To frankly answer when you need to vacuum the pool, it depends. Although it depends on certain factors, the usual advice for pool vacuuming is once per week. 
But if you think you’ll need to increase the frequency of vacuuming the swimming pool, then the factors that you’ll need to consider are your location, the environment, and the pool usage.
For location and environment, you’ll need to factor in if your surroundings have many trees or if your location is naturally windy that brings a lot of dirt and debris along with it. If so, you can increase the frequency of your usage gradually until you get the job done.
You also need to increase the number of times you vacuum according to the pool usage. If you regularly hold parties or if your family frequently uses the swimming pool then you can increase the cleaning and vacuuming until necessary.
How to Manually Vacuum Your Pool?
Manual pool vacuuming is the best method of cleaning your pool as it ensures a deep clean of your pool. Although an automatic pool cleaner is quite good, it can’t compare to manually scrubbing the pool floor.
Materials and Pool Accessories You Need for Manual Vacuuming
To manually vacuum the pool, you’ll need to prepare the tools below. These tools will help you effectively and efficiently scrub the pool.
- Pool vacuum head: An attachment for the telescoping pole. It also has a port to which the vacuum hose attach to.
- Telescopic pole: An extendable pool pole in which you attach the vacuum head. This pole allows easy reach to the wall and floor of the pool.
- Pool vacuum hose: A hose that connects the vacuum head to the vacuum plate. It enables the transfer of the suction force coming from the pool circulation pump to the vacuum head.
- Skim vac/vacuum plate: An attachment for the skimmer inlet that enables the easy connection of the pool vacuum hose.
- Pool brush: An attachment for the telescopic pole, which is purely used for scrubbing. The main difference with the vac head is that it doesn’t have a port for the vacuum hose.
- Water Skimmer Net- Another attachment for the telescoping pole, purely used for gathering large debris floating above the pool water.
4 Easy Steps on How to Manually Vacuum the Pool
After readying the tools needed, let’s move on to the procedure on how to manually clean your pool.
But before we begin, just a quick safety reminder. Since this might be a strenuous physical activity depending on the need, if you are not in a healthy condition it might be best to do it yourself.
Skim the Pool
Before we begin scrubbing and vacuuming, we need to skim the surface of the pool first to gather large debris-such as leaves and insects.
Grab the water skimmer net and attach it to the telescoping pole. Do it systematically. Select a starting point on your swimming pool and start skimming.
To efficiently skim the pool water, don’t skim it from left to right or vice versa. Instead, do it as if you’re pulling the water towards you. This way, the debris left out by the net will move towards you and not away from you.
Scrub the Walls
After skimming, it’s time to scrub the walls of your swimming pool. Remove the skimmer net attachment from the pole and attach the brush.
Again, do it systematically. Select a starting point and then scrub. Remember that you should scrub downwards so that the removed debris and dirt will easily settle at the bottom of the pool.
Scrub and Vacuum the Floor
Once done with scrubbing the pool, it’s time to use the pool vacuum. Remove the scrubber attachment and replace it with the vacuum head. After attaching the vacuum head, get one end of the hose and attach it to the port of the vacuum head.
Open the skimmer lid to reveal the skimmer basket. Remove the skimmer basket and replace it with the skimmer plate/vacuum plate.
Then the next thing to do is prime the hose with water. To do so, turn the pool pump on and submerge the vacuum head in while holding the other open end of the pool hose. Find jet return lines in your pool, then insert there the other open end of the vacuum hose.
You’ll notice that there will be bubbles rising up from the vacuum head; this means that the air inside the hose is getting ejected by water. Once bubbles stopped rising above the vacuum head, it meant that the hose was completely primed.
Then after priming quickly and without losing any water, connect the one open end of the hose to the skimmer inlet (where we previously installed the skimmer plate).
Before scrubbing, you can decide the pool filter valve setting that you want to use. Usually, there are two available settings: filter setting and waste setting. The filter setting directs the vacuumed water into the filter system of the pool.
In contrast, the waste setting sends the vacuumed water down the drain. If you select the waste setting, just make sure that you’ll add fresh water to maintain the water level.
After setting the valve, then you now scrub the bottom of your pool. Do it systematically. Move the vacuum back and forth and do it from the shallow end of the pool to the deeper end.
Rinse Pool Vacuum and Backwash
After vacuuming, rinse the tools used with fresh water. Let dry and store safely. Doing so will prolong the life of these tools.
If you have used the filter setting in the valve, you can backwash if you have a sand filter. If you have a cartridge filter, you can clean it by hand.
Alternatives to Manual Pool Vacuum
You might wonder if there are alternatives for manually vacuuming your pool. There are automatic cleaners that we can use.
Quoting Robert Heinlein, an American author: “Progress isn’t made by early risers. It’s made by lazy men trying to find easier ways to do something.”
So, let’s try to take advantage of technological innovations, like an automatic pool cleaner, to free up more time in our lives which we can spend on more meaningful things.
We will be talking about the types of automatic pool cleaner that you can use. But you should keep in mind that an automatic pool cleaner is not a permanent vacuuming or cleaning solution. Instead, it is there to decrease the frequency of your manual pool cleaning.
Robotic Pool Cleaners
This is an automatic pool cleaner that uses an independent mechanism from your pool system. It runs on a built-in battery and follows a program that enables it to clean your whole pool effectively. The integrated filtration system has its own filter and strainer basket that collect debris.
High-end models of this type can even climb pool walls and can work up to the bottom of a 15-meter pool. Others have Bluetooth capabilities, which make it controllable by a smart device.
Suction Side Pool Cleaners
This is an automatic pool cleaner that uses the negative pressure or vacuum generated by your pool pump to do the cleaning. If you have a powerful pump, then you can take advantage of this type of cleaner. Suction side pool cleaner can effectively remove debris such as insects, hairs, and small rocks.
Pressure Side Pool Cleaners
This is an automatic pool cleaner that uses the positive pressure from a booster pump. If you don’t have a booster pump, you can also connect it to return jets of your pool system via a hose. But you’ll need to contact the manufacturer to ensure that your power rating is enough.
Summing up, manual pool vacuuming is an essential part of pool cleaning. It removes the build-up of dirt, algae, and debris in the pool.
Manually vacuuming your pool only takes a few tools: a pole, a vacuum head, a hose, a brush, and a vacuum plate. And to do so only takes 4 easy to remember steps: skim the water, scrub the walls, vacuum the water at the bottom, and clean the tools and equipment.
Although there are automatic alternatives, nothing beats a good scrub to your pool walls and floors. So manual pool cleaning must still be done.
It can be physically tiring so if you have health problems, it might be better to contact pool professionals to help clean your pool.
Maintaining a Pool is a challenge to anyone’s budget but doing some of yourself can be a lot of cut cost. Read more about Best Automatic Pool Vacuum, How to Change Pool Filter Sand and How to Fix Cloudy Pool Water. These articles will help you to maintain your pool safe and clean.
-  https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/bathing/srwe2full.pdf
-  https://www.swimmingpool.com/maintenance/vacuum-a-pool/#:~:text=In%20general%2C%20it%27s%20a%20good,vacuuming%20after%20a%20heavy%20storm).